When expressed, a new allele causes its carrier to give a recipient 0.4 units of benefit at a cost of 0.3 units. Calculate if this allele will increase in frequency if:

a) It is autosomal and both parents are recipients (unless stated otherwise, you can assume it is not imprinted).

b) It is in a haplodiploid species, the actor is a female and the recipient is her brother.

c) It is on the mitochondrial genome, expressed in males and sisters are recipients.

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